Chapter 1: Some Recent Developments in the Theory and Practice of Cybercartography: Applications in Indigenous Mapping: An Introduction
D. R. Fraser Taylor
Geomatics and Cartographic Research Centre (GCRC), Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
This chapter summarizes some of the recent developments in the theory and practice of cybercartography discussed in this book and the substantial changes that have taken place since the first edition of the book was published in 2005. The seven major elements of cybercartography outlined in the first edition have been supplemented by six key ideas, and the definition of cybercartography has been extended and expanded. The new practice of mapping a traditional knowledge (TK) in partnership with indigenous people has led to a new theoretical understanding as well as innovative cybercartographic atlases. The chapter explores the nature of TK as a ‘people’s way of knowing’ and how to best represent this. A cybermap is a physical artifact but also a cognitive and social construct. The chapter considers the relationship between cybercartography and critical cartography, volunteered geographic information and the relationship with the individual user. The holistic nature of cybercartography is explained and important legal and ethical issues are explored. The chapter includes a brief description of key issues reflected in the 22 chapters of the book and concludes that cybercartography meets the challenges posed by Tim Berners-Lee for the Web 3.0 era.
Keywords: Arts and humanities; Cybercartographic theory; Geocybernetics; Indigenous mapping; Legal and ethical issues; Multisensory research; Preservation and archiving; Traditional knowledge.