Chapter 21: The Preservation and Archiving of Geospatial Data and Cybercartography as a Proactive Preservation Process
Tracey P. Lauriault¹, D. R. Fraser Taylor²
¹National Institute for Regional and Spatial Analysis (NIRSA), National University of Ireland at Maynooth, Maynooth, Co. Kildare, Republic of Ireland; Member of the Geomatics and Cartographic Research Centre (GCRC), Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
²Geomatics and Cartographic Research Centre (GCRC), Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Digital mapping is now ubiquitous and an increasing amount of geodata is being created by all sectors. Despite this explosion, few data are preserved and, as a result, a fundamental source of scientific and cultural heritage, culture and knowledge, is very much at risk. The chapter therefore argues that the preservation of maps and spatial information requires dedicated resources. The authors examine the challenges and opportunities of preserving Canadian geospatial data and begin by telling the story of the rescue and salvage of the Canada Land Inventory, followed by a review of Canadian preservation initiatives, laws, policies, and directives. In addition, four existing preservation and geospatial data management examples are introduced; tools for establishing a preservation system are shown and cybercartographic atlases are discussed as traditional knowledge archives.
Keywords: Archives; Canada Land Inventory; Data management; Information policy; Life-cycle management; Preservation; Proactive archiving; Secondary provenance; Trusted digital repository