Elsevier · Taylor, Lauriault: Developments in the Theory and Practice of Cybercartography, 2nd Edition · Chapter 13: Mapping Views from the North: Cybercartographic Technology and Inuit Photographic Encounters

Chapter 13: Mapping Views from the North: Cybercartographic Technology and Inuit Photographic Encounters

Carol Payne¹, Amos Hayes², Sheena Ellison³

¹Art History, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

²Geomatics and Cartographic Research Centre (GCRC), Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

³Institute for Comparative Studies in Literature, Art and Culture, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Abstract
This chapter introduces the visual repatriation project, Views from the North. A collaboration between the Inuit training program Nunavut Sivuniksavut (NS), the Library and Archives Canada (LAC) and Carleton University's Geomatics and Cartographic Research Centre (GCRC), Views from the North employs Inuit students from NS to interviews with elders in their home communities about archival photographs from the collection of the LAC. These intergenerational interviews, as well as the archival photographs that sparked the conversations and the students' own comments on the encounters, are made available to communities across the north through a cybercartographic atlas developed by the GCRC (http://viewsfromthenorth.ca/index.html). Here, we argue that cybercartographic technology complements Inuit cultural values in providing a collaborative, interactive, and interdisciplinary forum for multigenerational groups of Inuit participants to engage with Inuit history through traditional oral sharing of information prompted by archival images.

Keywords: Inuit; Inuit qaujimajatuqangit (IQ); Memory; Nunavut; Nunavut Sivuniksavut; Photography.

Figure 13.1 Views from the North cybercartographic atlas, Carleton University, Geomatics and Cartographic Research Centre http://viewsfromthenorth.ca/index.html

Figure 13.2 Gar Lunney (photographer), Governor General’s Northern Tour. Group of Eskimos watch square dance performed by Eskimos in Northern Affairs garage for Governor General Vincent Massey, during his visit to Frobisher Bay, N.W.T. Governor General’s Northern Tour. Group of Eskimos watch square dance performed by Eskimos in Northern Affairs garage for Governor General Vincent Massey, during his visit to Frobisher Bay (Iqaluit), N.W.T. March 1956. Accession no. 1971–271, MIKAN no.3198738, National Film Board of Canada Still Photography Division fonds, Library and Archives Canada.