Elsevier · Taylor, Lauriault: Developments in the Theory and Practice of Cybercartography, 2nd Edition · Chapter 8: Inclusive Cartography: Theoretical and Applied Issues in Brazil

Chapter 8: Inclusive Cartography: Theoretical and Applied Issues in Brazil

Regina Araujo de Almeida

Department of Geography, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Abstract
With the advent of new web and mapping technologies, cartography can and should be made accessible to people who might have special needs or belong to minority groups, such as the hearing and visually impaired. In addition, cartography can be made more available to indigenous communities. Cybercartography with multisensory and multimodal applications is making cartography accessible to those who were previously excluded. Yet, inclusion and plurality remain challenges for the field of modern cartography. Theoretical and applied issues related to inclusive cartography are therefore discussed in this chapter, and a few examples developed in Brazil which have yielded positive results are presented.

Keywords: Inclusive cartography; Indigenous communities; Participatory mapping; Tactile maps; Visual impairment.

Figure 8.1 Theoretical framework of inclusive interactive cartography.

Figure 8.2 Examples of New Social Cartography publications (brochures 7 in (a) and 31 in (b)).

Figure 8.2 Examples of New Social Cartography publications (brochures 7 in (a) and 31 in (b)).

Figure 8.3 Natural resources and land use maps – Kaxinawa indigenous territory in Acre, Brazil ((a) mental map done by native people and (b) digital georeferenced map).

Figure 8.3 Natural resources and land use maps – Kaxinawa indigenous territory in Acre, Brazil ((a) mental map done by native people and (b) digital georeferenced map).