Chapter 8: Inclusive Cartography: Theoretical and Applied Issues in Brazil
Regina Araujo de Almeida
Department of Geography, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
With the advent of new web and mapping technologies, cartography can and should be made accessible to people who might have special needs or belong to minority groups, such as the hearing and visually impaired. In addition, cartography can be made more available to indigenous communities. Cybercartography with multisensory and multimodal applications is making cartography accessible to those who were previously excluded. Yet, inclusion and plurality remain challenges for the field of modern cartography. Theoretical and applied issues related to inclusive cartography are therefore discussed in this chapter, and a few examples developed in Brazil which have yielded positive results are presented.
Keywords: Inclusive cartography; Indigenous communities; Participatory mapping; Tactile maps; Visual impairment.